Salah Al-Din Al-Ayyubi Castle

Salah Al-Din al-Ayyubi began the construction of a castle on Mount Mokattam in a place known as the Dome of the Air. But he did not complete it in his life. It was completed by Sultan Al-Kamil Ibn Al-Adil. The first king to live in was the king and took it as the king’s house. And it continued so until the era of Muhammad Ali. Never miss seeing it if you’re in.

Cairo Day Tour

In the western rib of the castle, there is the inscribed door and above it is written to indicate the construction of this castle, the text of which reads: “In the name of God the Merciful, He ordered the establishment of this splendid castle, adjacent to the guarded Cairo, which collected the benefit, improvement, and capacity of those who resorted to the shadow of his king and fortified him“. The father, Abu al-Mudhaffar Yusuf ibn Ayyub, gave the State of the Commander of the believers in the eyes of his brother and crown prince, just King Saif al-Din Abi Bakr Mohammed Khalil, Commander of the believers, at the hands of the Emir of his kingdom, and appointed his country, Qaraqosh, son of Abdullah the royal Nasserite in the year seventy-nine and five hundred.

Salah al-Din drilled a well in which the army and residents of the castle would draw water if the water was blocked when it was besieged. She was impressed by the work because the well was carved into the rock 90 meters deep from the level of the castle land, and this required great effort at the time.

The Citadel History

The Citadel of Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi in Cairo is one of the most luxurious military castles constructed in the Middle Ages. Its location is strategically first class with its defensive importance because it controls the cities of Cairo and Fustat. It also constitutes a high natural barrier between the two cities. The castle and the city are in a state of siege as they will become the last stronghold of the sit-in in case if the city fell to the enemy.

This fortified fortress passed through many historical events where its walls witnessed various historical events during the Ayyubid and Mamluk eras and the time of the French campaign against Egypt in 1798. Until Muhammad Ali Pasha took over Egypt, he restored its prosperity and greatness. Sultan Al-Nasir Salah Al-Din Yusuf Ibn Ayyub was the first to consider building the citadel on the Sowwah hill in 572 AH / 1176 CE, where his minister Bahaa al-Din Qarqush al-Asadi demolished the mosques and tombs that existed on the Sowwah in order to build the citadel. Separating Mount Mokattam from Sowwah increased its immunity and strength.

Gates to the Castle

1-Mokattam Gate
2-The new Gate
3-Middle Gate
4-The Gate of the castle


Mokattam Tower
Characteristic Tower
Alwa Tower
Cr Kelan Tower
Blink Tower
Airport Tower
Tiled Tower
Maqousar Tower
Forward tower or Qarafa tower
Ramla Tower
Mourning Tower
Desert Tower
The square tower

Castle Monuments

House multiplication
Saray El Adl
Jewel Palace
Mosque of Muhammad Ali Pasha
Mosque of Nasser Mohammed bin Qalawun
Bir Youssef
Police Museum
Haram Palace
The Military Museum
Military Castle School
Egyptian army barracks
Mosque of Suleyman Pasha Al – Khadim
Ahmed Katkhuda Azaban Mosque
The door of bachelor
Castle Industry House – Bab Al – Azab Workshops