The Pyramids of Giza are considered archaeological wonders and are famous worldwide. They are built on the Giza Plateau, just outside the city of Cairo. This pyramid complex consists of the three main Pyramids of Giza which are the focal point of the Giza necropolis or cemetery that served the elite of the Old Kingdom capital of Egypt at nearby Memphis during the mid to late 4th Dynasty. Three pharaohs were buried here:
– Khufu, also called Pyramid of Cheops, is the oldest and the biggest among the three Great Pyramids. It is considered as one of the Seven Wonders of the World and at present, this is the only one among them that still exists.
– Khafre, also called Pyramid of Chephren which consists of a mortuary temple, the main pyramid structure and the Valley temple known as the Sphinx’s temple and contains statues of Pharaoh Khafre.
– Menkaure, Menkaure the main pyramid of the Pharaoh, surrounded by three smaller pyramids of his queens; while a smaller ante-temple was added later to the valley temple.
Their astounding burials attracted a number of surrounding associated burials of their queens, family members and nobility.
Al-Giza was named like that when the Arabs came and crossed the river Nile. (Giza means crossed).
In modern times, the first modern Egyptian university was built when Princess Fatma Esmail donated part of her land to build the university which named after King Fouad as the first University and now it is known as Cairo University (the biggest among all Egyptian universities)