In Cairo, you will find the oldest capital in the ancient world “Ain Shams”, the Greek and Roman fortress of Babylon, Coptic Cairo where the Hanging Church and the tree of Mary, By Mrs. Mary on her journey from Palestine to Egypt to escape the oppression of the Romans. Also the Islamic Cairo with its unique architectural style, its features began to appear with the Islamic conquest by Amr Ibn al-Aas in 641 AD and the construction of a mosque bearing his name. Salah Al Din Citadel
On the land of Cairo, the city of Al-Fustat, Al-Askar and Al-Qataim was built in the Abbasid era and then the Fatimids ruled Egypt and was built by Al-Mu’izz Lidin Allah Fatimid, “Al-Azhar Mosque”, which is the most famous Islamic university in the world. From the Fatimid period until the Ayyubid and Mamluks, Cairo witnessed the finest Islamic architecture, which consisted of the construction of citadels, forts, fences and schools such as Salah al-Din Citadel, Sultan Barqouq School, Al-Ashraf Qaitbay, Khan Al-Khalili, Al-Refai Mosque, All this long history of Cairo has made it the cultural, artistic, scientific and historical capital of the Arab and Islamic world.
Cairo has been named by many ages as the city of a thousand minaret (the ancient travelers named it for the many mosques built in it and the city of Egypt Al Mahrousa and Cairo Almoez.
The city is marked by the traditions and influences of the East and the West, both the ancient and the modern. However, Cairo also reflects Egypt’s growing poverty, and it struggles to cope with problems caused by massive population growth, urban sprawl, and deteriorating infrastructure and public services.
Population: The estimated population of Cairo Governorate 10 million