Alexandria The GEM of The Mediterranean
The GEM of the Mediterranean, or as the so-called Bride of the Mediterranean!!
Alexandria is a feminine form of Alexander meaning defender of men
the Mediterranean coastal city that has rebuilt itself into a commercial, and cultural force full of activities and attractions to suit all tastes…
There is so much to discover in this ancient city let’s take a peek into the history of that bride:
Alexander The Great founded it around a small fishermen’s city called Racotis in 332, BC and later became an important center of Hellenistic civilization, the Ptolemaic capital of Egypt and Roman Egypt for nearly 1000 years! Until the Islamic conquest of Egypt in 641.
The Seven Ancient World, and its Great Library (the largest in the ancient world) is one of the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages. Alexandria was the second most powerful city in the ancient Mediterranean region, after Rome. Believe it or not, this masterpiece was built only with the aim of connecting Greece with the Great Nile!
Different Cultures, A lot of Monuments
Alexandria was an intellectual, and cultural center of the ancient world. The city and its museum attracted many of the greatest scholars, including Greeks, Syrians, and Jews. It was one of the main centers of early Christianity in the Eastern Roman Empire.
In the modern world, the Coptic Orthodox Church and the Greek Orthodox Church in Alexandria claim this ancient heritage. Alexandria was not only the center of Hellenism but also the home of the largest urban Jewish community in all world. The Septuagint translation has been produced in it. In 115, large parts of Alexandria were destroyed during the Battle of Kits, giving Hadrian and his architect an opportunity to rebuild them
21 July 365, Alexandria was devastated by a Tsunami (Crete earthquake) an event annually commemorated years later as a “day of horror.”
In Alexandria, more and more antiques, art, history and even things have not yet been discovered. Alexandria has funny facts you’ve never listened to it before: 1⃣It’s home to one of the world’s largest necropolises Although, Funny, it was discovered by chance in 1997, the Gabbari necropolis is one of the largest in the world, and dates back to 3 B.C. Archaeologists have discovered messages left by the robbers spanning several centuries;
2⃣It has the oldest tram system in Africa, Alexandria has the oldest tram in Africa dating back to 1860, making it one of the oldest in the world, as well. The mainline was first drawn by the horses, steam, and finally electrified
3⃣in 1902 The circumference of the earth was first calculated here!! Eratosthenes first calculated the circumference of the earth in Alexandria What? How?
By measuring how far camels traveled through the desert.
Eclud Was There
Alexandria was also home to other famous mathematicians like Euclid. Alexandria is a country you should visit if you intend to take #AllInclusive Tour Package to_ Egypt
If you, my friend, want to know more about Alexandria you should visit it, reading about it is not enough.
We Advise you to visit:
Kom al-Shoqafa catacombs, Pompey’s Pillarnew, Library of Alexandria, The grand Montaza Palace, Citadel of Qaitbay.